Séminaire de l’IAO : Ulrich Theobald

seminaireiao_2016_10_27« Rough Terrain : Tactics and Technical Issues in Alpine Warfare in the High Qing Period »
Jeudi 27 octobre 2016, Salle de réunion de l’IAO (R66), de 14h à 15h30

Ulrich Theobald (Ph.D. 2009) is a senior lecturer at the Department for Chinese and Korean Studies of the University of Tübingen, Germany. He is specializing in the economic, military, monetary and administrative history of late imperial China, and author of « War Finance and Logistics in Late Imperial China : A Study of the Second Jinchuan Campaign (Brill 2013) ».

Résumé : Ulrich Theobald will analyze the tactics and technology of alpine warfare in the mid- and late eighteenth century in China, during the conquest of the eastern parts of Tibet. The report deals mainly with the problems researchers are confronted with when studying contemporary sources. This relates to descriptions of local situations, tactical movements and methods to conquer fortified houses and monasteries, and the problems described in bringing in and applying artillery. Apart from narrative descriptions, administrative sources and illustrations can be used as historiographical sources. The speaker will show ways how to deal with technical vocabulary not available in dictionaries.

Séminaire de l’IAO : Pierre-Emmanuel Roux

seminaireiao_2016_11_10« Le christianisme en Corée : une figure d’exception en Asie orientale ? »
Jeudi 10 novembre 2016, Salle de réunion de l’IAO (R66), de 14h à 15h30

Résumé : Toute personne arrivant la première fois à Séoul est immanquablement frappée par la profusion des croix ornant la façade des églises et de bien d’autres bâtiments. Ce phénomène peut sembler d’autant plus étrange que la Corée est le pays d’Asie orientale où le christianisme a été introduit le plus tardivement, à partir de la fin du XVIIIe siècle, puis a subi une répression des plus sévères à l’époque du Chosŏn (1392-1910). Notre présentation cherchera à retracer cette trajectoire singulière pour mieux expliquer comment le tiers de la population sud-coréenne se revendique aujourd’hui d’une religion non plus étrangère mais pleinement coréenne.

Pierre-Emmanuel Roux est maître de conférences et responsable de la section d’études coréennes à l’université Paris Diderot. Il est également membre du Centre Chine-Corée-Japon de l’EHESS (UMR 8173). Ses travaux portent sur l’histoire du christianisme, du droit et des circulations en Asie orientale entre le XVIIe et le XIXe siècle.

L’interview de Virginie Vial dans China Business Review

Vient de paraître : l’interview de Virginie Vial dans China Business Review sur les micro-entreprises et le bien être économique.

vial-kedge-cbn-oct-2016-2Households’ Micro-Entrepreneurship and Economic Welfare

Micro-entrepreneurship is composed of companies with one to five employees. It represents between 70% and 80% of global employment. It is therefore central in the discussions on employment, growth, and economic development policies. However, in the absence of formal employment opportunities, micro-entrepreneurship is often considered as necessity entrepreneurship, which is generally not productive. Indeed, on the one hand, opportunity entrepreneurship, which is based on innovation, brings growth and productivity gains. On the other hand, necessity entrepreneurship uses low technology and skills, and serves mainly as livelihood provider, thus supposedly not contributing to growth and development. In general, the productivity measurement of these micro-companies is done at the individual level, and ignores their context and heterogeneity.

In particular, in terms of context, it is necessary to estimate the returns of micro-entrepreneurship, not at the level of individuals, but at the level of the household, which carries ownership, management and decisions, saving and financing, production and consumption.

In addition, micro-entrepreneurial households are heterogeneous in terms of their initial level of economic well-being, and have various objectives: supplement their income and consumption; mitigate their vulnerability; escape poverty; increase social status; or acquire non-pecuniary benefits.

This welfare can be measured by three indicators covering different areas: income, which includes short-term market factors; consumption, which includes short-term market and non-market factors; and assets, covering long-term market and non-market factors. Income, consumption and assets reflect different dimensions of economic well-being: obtaining resources; a response to basic needs; and a way to manage risk.

In the case of Indonesia, for example, participation in micro-entrepreneurship has a positive effect on the economic well-being of all households, with a higher relative income for the poorest. For this segment of the population, micro-entrepreneurship has a strong impact on the additional income, which translates into a higher consumption, and more interestingly, into a greater accumulation of assets which represents a long term benefit for households that are most in need.

Source: Vial, V. and J. Hanoteau, (2015) « Returns to micro-entrepreneurship in an emerging economy: A study of entrepreneurial quantile Indonesian Households’ welfare », World Development, Vol. 74.
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0305750X15000923