Séminaire de l’IAO : Niramon Kulsrisombat
Niramon Kulsrisombat, Associate researcher at Collegium de Lyon / IAO. Urban Design and Development Center, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand
Résumé : Bangkok was once representative of Asia’s water-based civilization. Located in a tropical and low-lying land of the Chao Phraya river basin, Bangkok developed harmonious relationships with its geo-climatic conditions. In the past, annual floods and high tides were welcomed by local farmers as supplementary irrigation. The land was painstakingly prepared for receiving water by digging canals and raising houses on piles.
Unfortunately, Bangkok lost most of its distinctive characters in the rapid urbanization process. Since the 1960s, many waterways have been replaced by roads in the urban areas, while agricultural lands wereturned into suburban housing. Uncoordinated modern urban development clashes with natural conditions, causing floods of alarming magnitude.
After an analysis of this situation, various attempts to alleviate the problem will be presented as they appear in the third revised Bangkok Comprehensive Plan to preserve and increase the water retention areas.
Gavroche, Cahier Special Inondations Les méfaits du béton, 13 February 2012.
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Le Monde, Encerclee parleseaux Bangkok tente de resister aux inondations, 18 October 2011.
Le Monde, Bangkok s’enfonce inexorablement dans la mer. Une mégalopole face à l’urgence de l’adaptation, 20 July 2011.